FAST FACTS

Tattoos and HIV

There is a risk of HIV transmission while getting a tattoo if tattoo personnel do not use safe tattoo practices, such as sterilizing or disinfecting all instruments between customers. For that reason, the CDC (Center for Disease Control) recommends single-use instruments.

PA Science Standards

Pennsylvania Science Standards Addressed by CyberSurgeons Problem-based and Case-based Learning Modules

10th Grade Science

Unifying Themes

• Apply the elements of scientific inquiry to solve problems.
• Generate questions about objects, organisms and/or events that can be answered through scientific investigations.
• Evaluate the appropriateness of questions.
• Design an investigation with adequate control and limited variables to investigate a question.
• Organize experimental information using a variety of analytic methods.
• Judge the significance of experimental information in answering the question.
• Suggest additional steps that might be done experimentally.

Biological Sciences*

• Explain the structural and functional similarities and differences found among living things.
• Explain the relationship between structure and function at the molecular and cellular levels.
• Describe and explain the chemical and structural basis of living organisms.
• Describe the relationship between the structure of organic molecules and the function they serve in living organisms.
• Identify the specialized structures and regions of the cell and the functions of each.
• Explain cell functions and processes in terms of chemical reactions and energy changes

Science, Technology and Human Endeavors

• Analyze the relationship between societal demands and scientific and technological enterprises.

12th Grade

Unifying Themes

• Apply the elements of scientific inquiry to solve multi-step problems.
• Generate questions about objects, organisms and/or events that can be answered through scientific investigations.
• Evaluate the appropriateness of questions.
• Design an investigation with adequate control and limited variables to investigate a question.
• Organize experimental information using analytic and descriptive techniques.
• Evaluate the significance of experimental information in answering the question.
• Project additional questions from a research study that could be studied

Biological Sciences*

• Explain the relationship between structure and function at all levels of organization.
• Identify and explain interactions among organisms (e.g., mutually beneficial, harmful relationships).
• Explain and analyze the relationship between structure and function at the molecular, cellular and organ-system level.
• Analyze the chemical and structural basis of living organisms.
• Identify and describe factors affecting metabolic function (e.g., temperature, acidity, hormones).
• Evaluate metabolic activities using experimental knowledge of enzymes.
• Evaluate relationships between structure and functions of different anatomical parts given their structure.

*The specific content objective met by the CyberSurgeons curriculum will depend on the PBL/CBL module and/or curriculum supplement used.

Academic Standards for Science and Technology
http://www.pde.state.pa.us/k12/lib/k12/scitech.doc