FAST FACTS

Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease



Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a common childhood disease caused by an enterovirus. Usually a very mild infection, a strain of the virus, Enterovirus 71, infected more than 23,000 and killed 70. The more serious strain can lead to paralysis, brain swelling, and death.

PA Science Standards

Pennsylvania Science Standards Addressed by CyberSurgeons Problem-based and Case-based Learning Modules

10th Grade Science

Unifying Themes

• Apply the elements of scientific inquiry to solve problems.
• Generate questions about objects, organisms and/or events that can be answered through scientific investigations.
• Evaluate the appropriateness of questions.
• Design an investigation with adequate control and limited variables to investigate a question.
• Organize experimental information using a variety of analytic methods.
• Judge the significance of experimental information in answering the question.
• Suggest additional steps that might be done experimentally.

Biological Sciences*

• Explain the structural and functional similarities and differences found among living things.
• Explain the relationship between structure and function at the molecular and cellular levels.
• Describe and explain the chemical and structural basis of living organisms.
• Describe the relationship between the structure of organic molecules and the function they serve in living organisms.
• Identify the specialized structures and regions of the cell and the functions of each.
• Explain cell functions and processes in terms of chemical reactions and energy changes

Science, Technology and Human Endeavors

• Analyze the relationship between societal demands and scientific and technological enterprises.

12th Grade

Unifying Themes

• Apply the elements of scientific inquiry to solve multi-step problems.
• Generate questions about objects, organisms and/or events that can be answered through scientific investigations.
• Evaluate the appropriateness of questions.
• Design an investigation with adequate control and limited variables to investigate a question.
• Organize experimental information using analytic and descriptive techniques.
• Evaluate the significance of experimental information in answering the question.
• Project additional questions from a research study that could be studied

Biological Sciences*

• Explain the relationship between structure and function at all levels of organization.
• Identify and explain interactions among organisms (e.g., mutually beneficial, harmful relationships).
• Explain and analyze the relationship between structure and function at the molecular, cellular and organ-system level.
• Analyze the chemical and structural basis of living organisms.
• Identify and describe factors affecting metabolic function (e.g., temperature, acidity, hormones).
• Evaluate metabolic activities using experimental knowledge of enzymes.
• Evaluate relationships between structure and functions of different anatomical parts given their structure.

*The specific content objective met by the CyberSurgeons curriculum will depend on the PBL/CBL module and/or curriculum supplement used.

Academic Standards for Science and Technology
http://www.pde.state.pa.us/k12/lib/k12/scitech.doc